Will Africa ever change?

Africa In Data

www.OurWorldInData.org

Mean years of schooling in Africa, 1950 to 2010
Africa has already changed fundamentally.

Education improved in Africa.
Child mortality in Africa in 1990 and 2012

And throughout the continent the health of the population is improving.

You can click on any chart in this presentation to see the interactive version and study the data – including the sources – in detail.

Colonial Africa in 1912

One century ago most of Africa was colonized by European powers.

This map is from the World Bank's World Development Report (2009).

After long years of brutal dictatorships, many parts of Africa are now governed by democratic regimes.

Since the early 1990s Sub-Saharan Africa achieved economic growth and the share of people living in extreme poverty declined.

Growth was not only achieved in a few countries.

Over the last 20 years many African countries have achieved sustained economic growth.

Innovation and modernization in agriculture improved the provision of food and the share of undernourished people has declined.

During the last 15 years the number of people killed by malaria in Africa has been almost halved.

One disease has been eradicated entirely:

Smallpox was a horrible disease common around the world. With global vaccination campaigns it was completely eradicated by 1977.

The young generation in Africa is much better educated than ever before.

This is the biggest reason I am optimistic that Africa's progress will continue.

Africa in Data.

www.OurWorldInData.org

Twitter @MaxCRoser · Facebook @OurWorldInData




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